The emblem of Chelyabinsk
History of the emblem development
The modern emblem of Chelyabinsk has deep historical roots. The depiction of a camel on the emblem dates back to the period of the foundation of the town. In 1737 V.N.Tatischev, the eminent politician and historian brought in the Senate 2 projects of the emblem, which he had created while being in our land in the Isetsky province. These 2 projects differed greatly from each other. The first project had a dog enchained to the wall depicted on it. The second one had a camel tied up to a stick on it. There was the Tatar crown in the upper part of both Tatischev projects and the camel head with a neck on the top of all of it. Alike with the military items of the emblem this animal symbolized main purposes of the building new fortresses on the south-east of region. They were the procuring of the reliable protection of the Russian economic interests in the Asian region and the development of trade and new territories.
Though, the first historical emblem of Chelyabinsk was confirmed only on June 8, 1782 and composed by A.O. Volkov, State Councilor in deed. At that time Chelyabinsk was the part of Ufimsky vicegerency. Therefore the picture of a running marten, the main element of Ufimsky emblem was placed in the upper part of Chelyabinsk emblem; the lower part had the depiction of a loaded camel. It symbolized the commercial importance of the town.
At the Soviet times the emblem was abolished. There was a different soviet project of Chelyabinsk emblem: the steel-casting pot, an opened book, the gear, a camel and a sable on the red shield. There was also another emblem existed. The track type tractor was depicted on the shield.
The following variant of Chelyabinsk emblem that was confirmed by authorities on September 13th 1994 became the stylized version of the historical emblem. The part of the defensive wall depicted on the silver shield (the symbol of purity of thoughts, defense and prudence) verified that Chelyabinsk was considered as Russian fortress. By the wall there was the loaded camel facing right that symbolized the wealth of the city and that its development depended on the success in trade. The last fact was also pointed out by the green field that was the symbol of hope and fertility. The shield on the emblem was a rectangular that had rounded lower angles with pointed end in the center. The shield was crowned with the golden 5-towered crown. This detail verified the status of Administrative Centre for the city. Two crossed golden armorial hammers tied with Alexander ribbon sash were placed behind the shield as symbols of highly developed industry.
This variant of emblem was actively used on the city’s 260-years celebration day in 1996. But it was not registered in National Heralds Office in 1997-98 due to “plenty of significant heraldic and juristic defects”.
Modern emblem of Chelyabinsk
Author: Valery Kryukov (Chelyabinsk)
Artist: Andrei Startsev (Chelyabinsk)
Heraldic adaptation: Konstantin Mochenov (Khimky)
Artist: Robert Malanichev (Moscow)
Design: Sergey Isaev (Moscow)
In 2000 the composition and elements of Chelyabinsk emblem created in 1994 were changed by design group directed by K.F. Mochenov (Union of Russian Heraldry). The modern emblem of Chelyabinsk was approved by Chelyabinsk City Council No. 59/3 dated 12 September, 2000.
Heraldic description of Chelyabinsk emblem says: "There is a loaded golden camel against the silver brick part of battlement standing on the green ground". On the silver shield (the symbol of purity of thoughts, defense and prudence) are:
- the part of the defensive wall verifies that Chelyabinsk was considered as Russian fortress;
-by the wall there is the loaded camel facing right that symbolized the wealth of the city and that its development depended on the success in trade. This meaning was also pointed out by the green field that was the symbol of hope and fertility. Gold is a symbol of endurance, royalty, wealth, intelligence, open-heartedness.
In accordance with the decision of Heraldic Council at the President of Russia since 2 June 2001, Chelyabinsk emblem was added to the State Heraldic Register of Russian Federation under the No.688.
The flag of Chelyabinsk
Idea: Vladimir Bozhe (Chalyabinsk), Alexander Ivanov (Chelyanbinsk)
Konstantin Mochenov (Khimky)
Justification of symbolism: Galina Tunik (Moscow)
Artist: Robert Malanichev (Moscow)
The flag of Chelyabinsk was made on the base of the emblem and reflects historical, cultural, social, economic, national and other local traditions. In May 2002 Chelyabinsk City Council confirmed the official flag of Chelyabinsk. The ceremony devoted to the making of the colors took place in September of the same year on the city day celebration.
The flag along with the emblem is an official symbol of Chelyabinsk and added to the State Heraldic Register of Russian Federation.
The flag of Chelyabinsk represents a rectangular piece of cloth and consists of the 3 unequal horizontal lines:
-the upper one is yellow, 1/4 the size of the flag,
-the middle one is silver, 1/2 the size of the flag,
-the bottom one is green, 1/4 the size of the flag.
In the center of the flag the loaded yellow camel is depicted alike with the one on the emblem of the city. It is also the main heraldic figure of the flag. The loaded yellow (golden) camel shows that there were important trade roads going through the territory of modern Chelyabinsk.
The yellow color (gold) is a symbol of endurance, royalty, wealth, intelligence, open-heartedness. The silver part of the flag allegorically points at the fact that Chelyabinsk was founded in 1736 on the Miass river as the Cossack fortress has always been the significant trading, economical and defensive Centre of Russia is now one of the biggest constituent members of Russian Federation named Chelyabinsky region. The silver color symbolizes faith, purity, sincerity, candor, nobility, openness and innocence. The green part complements the symbolism and reflects the rich, picturesque nature all around the city. This color is a symbol of the spring, happiness, hope and nature.
The emblems of Chelyabinsk city boroughs
In 2002 Chelyabinsk City Council approved of "The statement about City symbols". This statement proclaims the possible existence of emblems for administrative districts or city boroughs of Chelyabinsk.